After Reading Chapters 21 And 22, Write A Reflection, No More Than One Paragraph On Either Katharine Kolcaba's Comfort Theory Or Joanne Duffy's Quality -Caring Model

Please note that Middle Range Theories are more specific than Grand Theories that were explored earlier in the course.

Theories of nursing that are Middle-Range tend to be more specific in focus and offer more concrete connections between Grand Nursing Theories and Nursing Practice. The concepts of Middle-Range theories tend to be less abstract and tend to me more verifiable through testing. These theories can often attempt to describe, explain, or predict certain phenomenon in clinical practice.

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University of Wisconsin – Milwaukee. (2020, January 13). Nursing Theory: Middle-Range Nursing Theories. Retrieved from

As a reminder, let’s refresh ourselves regarding the purpose and usage of theories in nursing. Please access the following article titled, “Toward an Understanding of Wisdom in Nursing.” The article associates the wisdom in the nursing profession with the usage of nursing theories.

You may access the article via the following link:


Matney, S., Avant, K., Staggers, N., (October 30, 2015) “Toward an Understanding of Wisdom in Nursing” OJIN: The Online Journal of Issues in Nursing Vol. 21 No. 2. doi: 10.3912/OJIN.Vol21No01PPT02

This week’s assignments include:

Reading Assignment – Section VI Middle Range Theories

Chapter 21 – Katharine Kolcaba’s Comfort Theory

Kolcaba’s Theory of Comfort was first developed in the 1990s. It is a middle-range theory for health practice, education, and research. This theory has the potential to place comfort in the forefront of healthcare. According to the model, comfort is an immediate desirable outcome of nursing care.

Web Link for additional information:

Video: Katharine Kolcaba’s Comfort Theory

Part 1 – Introduction

Part 2 – Concept Analysis

Chapter 22 – Joanne Duffy’s Quality-Caring Model

The Quality-Caring Model exposes and demonstrates the value of nursing within the evidence-based practice milieu of modern health care. Relationships characterized by caring are theorized to influence positive outcomes for patients/families, health care providers, and health care systems.

Web Link for additional information: